Environmental conditions of the Baltic Sea’s ecosystem strongly depend on meteorological forcing
over the area and adjacent NE Atlantic. It affects e.g. regional hydrography and saline water
inflow from the North Sea into the Baltic Sea. These changes are recorded in the Baltic Sea
We aim to identify forcing mechanisms of environmental changes of the Baltic Sea, to differentiate natural variability and changing patterns due to man‐made activity, by studying these sediment archives. In addition we will provide scenarios of the future development of the Baltic Sea. We will study ongoing and past changes in both surface and deep water conditions and their timing by means of multi‐proxy studies. We use sediment proxy data along transect from the marine Skagerrak to the freshwater dominated northern Baltic Sea.
A deeper scientific knowledge and understanding of the factors affecting the long-term changes in the Baltic Sea and of possible future changes will provide basis for improved management and implementation of policy strategies (e.g. the proposed European Marine Strategy Directive) adapting to future climate change.
The project work is divided into following work packages (WP's) and logically proceeding
WP 1. Sediment proxy studies. Leader: M. Moros (IOW), co-leader: A. Kuijpers (GEUS)
WP 2. Modelling approach. Leader: T. Neumann (IOW), co-leader: M. Meier (SMHI)
WP 3. Synthesis. Leader: A. Kotilainen (GTK), co-leader: E. Jansen (BCCR)
WP 4. Training and Education. Leader: D. Ryabchuk (VSEGEI), co-leader: M. Kotilainen, Helsinki